NHS Digital is the trade name for the Health and Social Care Information Centre, which is the national provider of information, data and IT systems to commissioners, analysts and clinicians in health and social care in England, particularly those associated with the National Health Service in England. The organization is an executive non-departmental public body of the Department of Health and Social Care. NHS Digital provides digital services to the NHS and social care, including the management of major health informatics programs. They build national systems through their own teams and by engaging private vendors. These services include patient data management, including Spine, which allows information to be shared securely between different parts of the NHS, and is the foundation for the electronic prescription service, the summary medical record and the electronic referral service. NHS Digital is also the national collector of health and social care information and publishes more than 260 statistical publications annually, including Official Statistics and National Statistics. It also operates the NHS Website, which is the national website for the NHS in England. NHS Digital has taken over from a number of predecessor organizations, including the NHS Information Center, NHS Connecting for Health, and parts of NHS Direct. The organization produces more than 260 official and national statistical publications. These include national comparative data for secondary use, developed from long-standing hospital episode statistics that can help local governments make decisions to improve the quality and efficiency of primary care. NHS Digital collects national "Hospital Episode Statistics," which is a record of every "episode" of care for a hospitalized patient (counted at the end of treatment with a consultant, meaning that more than one episode can be associated with one hospital stay) provided by the NHS in England, including those contracted by private providers. This involves tracking about 16 million "episodes" of care each year. This information is used for a number of statistical analyses as well as to determine payments to providers. In addition to data on inpatient care, HES also provides data on outpatient and ambulatory care encounters. The acute care data set was created to replace HES A&E data and provide more accurate data on acute care encounters. In November 2019, the National Record Locator was launched across the health economy, designed to enable paramedics, community mental health nurses, children's health teams and maternity services to access mental health patient records across England. In August 2020, three hospital trusts launched a pilot e-prescription service that sent hospital prescriptions electronically to the patient's local pharmacy, as most outpatient consultations were done remotely during the COVID-19 pandemic in England. A troubleshooting operation was set up in 2018 to help NHS trusts when major IT roll-outs are not going according to plan. In 2018, eight trusts needed emergency assistance after deployments caused major service disruptions. The service has received funding of £2 million a year and is expected to expand.